Ovulation pain, also known as mittelschmerz pain, is pelvic pain felt on one side of the lower abdomen by some women during ovulation. When the follicle ruptures and releases an ovum ( egg) in an ovary usually around the 14th day before periods, it is called ovulation. Pain during ovulation is mostly harmless but should not be ignored especially when the pain is severe, prolonged and the same type of pelvic pain occurs at other times also. This pain is also known as mid-cycle pain.
Homeopathic medicines are very effective in managing cases of ovulation pain, and pelvic pain at other times. These medicines treat the fundamental cause which is actually causing the problem. They reduces the intensity and frequency of pain naturally. There are numerous medicines in homeopathy for managing this complaint and as homeopathy is a symptom-based science, the most suitable medicine is selected based on the signs and symptoms in every individual case. So one should take medicine under the supervision of a homeopathic physician and never self-medicate. Homeopathy is recommended when the intensity of pain is mild or moderate and no serious symptom or cause is linked with it. In cases with severe symptoms, and in serious cases like ectopic pregnancy, it is advised to take immediate help from the conventional mode of treatment.
Homeopathic Medicines For Ovulation Pain And Pelvic Pain
1. Medorrhinum – Top-grade Medicine
It is a top-listed medicine for these cases. In cases needing it, drawing pain is felt in the ovarian region. One feels better by pressing the affected area. Left-sided ovary is painful mostly where this medicine is required, along with feeling hot in that area. Thick vaginal discharge with a fishy odour may flow.
2. Sepia – For Stinging Type Of Pain
It is indicated for cases having stinging type of pain. It is attended with congestion in the ovarian region, with this pressure is felt in the ovaries. Burning sensation is also felt, sometimes vaginal discharge attends. It can be yellowish or greenish which has an offensive odour. It is also a prominent medicine for bearing down sensation in the pelvis (feeling of the pelvic area getting pushed down). Females requiring it may also complain of pain during intercourse.
3. Belladonna – For Throbbing Pain
This medicine is prepared from the plant ‘deadly nightshade’. It is prominent for cases having throbbing pain in the ovary (recuring pain at regular small intervals) mostly in the right ovary. In some cases, there is lancinating (piercing) pain in ovary or burning sensation in the ovarian region.
4. Thuja – For Cutting Shooting Pain
It is prepared from fresh twigs of plant Thuja Occidentalis, commonly known as ‘Arbor Vitae’. This plant belongs to family Coniferae. It is indicated for cutting or shooting type of pain. It is mostly present on the left side. Sometimes, there is squeezing type of pain also. Females needing it may have too early and too short menses. The menstrual flow is also scanty.
5. Colocynth – For Cramping Pain
It is a natural medicine prepared from the pulp of fruit Citrullus Colocynthis also called Cucumis Colocynthis and ‘bitter apple’. This plant belongs to family Cucurbitaceae. This medicine works well when there is cramping pain. Pain is marked in the left side with relief on bending double (upper part of body bent forward and downward). Colocynth is also useful for treating deep stitching pain as from pricking by needles. It is also indicated with sharp pain in the right pelvic region. Lastly, it is a very suitable medicine for managing cramps during menses.
6. Lachesis – For Sharp, Shooting Pain
It is a beneficial medicine when there is sharp shooting pain, especially in the left ovary. Females who need it have dark menstrual flow which has an offensive smell. The periods can be short and scanty. The lower abdomen may be sensitive. It is also a well-indicated medicine when there is menstrual colic that begins in the left ovary.
7. Lilium Tigrinum – When Pain Radiates Down The Thigh
It is prepared from fresh stalk, leaves and flowers of plant ‘tiger lily’ from the family Liliaceae. Use of this medicine is considered when there is ovarian pain radiating down the thigh. The nature of the pain is stinging type. Besides, there is swelling and feeling of heaviness marked in the left ovary.
8. Xanthoxylum – For pain in right ovarian region
This medicine is prepared from fresh bark of plant Xanthoxylum Americanum that belongs to family Rutaceae. This medicine is helpful for treating pain in the right ovarian region. It tends to radiate to hip, thigh and back. The pain is usually sharp, cutting type. There may be tendency to have early periods along with pain where this medicine is required.
What Are The Causes?
The exact cause behind ovulation pain is not clear. According to a well-propunded theory, it is suggested that pain during ovulation occurs when ovarian follicle ruptures to release egg. At the same time, little fluid comes from ruptured follicle leading to irritation of nearby nerves. The rupture of ovarian follicle and release of the egg follows surge of LH means luteinzing hormone. Ovulation pain usually is harmless but sometimes arises from some underlying medical conditions too.
It firstly includes endometriosis, a disorder in which tissue similar to the one that lines the inner side of uterus grows in areas other than the uterus. This occurs commonly in fallopian tubes, ovaries, bowels, and the tissue lining the pelvis. This endometrial-like tissue thickens and breaks down and bleeds during each menstrual cycle.
The main symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain. It may begin before periods and remain for many days into a menstrual period. The pain may also occur in the lower back too. Next there occurs excessive bleeding during menses and inter-menstrual bleeding may also happen. Besides, pain during intercourse is common in this condition. In some cases, pain is felt while urinating or passing stool during a menstrual period. Few females can have some other attending symptoms like nausea, weakness, loose stool, constipation and bloating during periods. Infertility can also occur in cases of endometriosis.
Second cause is ovarian cyst. Ovarian cyst refers to a fluid-filled sac that develops in ovaries (a pair of female gonads that produces eggs). There are various types of ovarian cysts. These include follicle cyst, corpus luteum cysts, dermoid cysts, endometriomas and PCOS – polycystic ovarian syndrome. Mostly ovarian cysts don’t lead to any symptoms. When cyst grows in size, symptoms may be experienced like pelvic pain (before or during periods), pain during sex, pain in the thighs or the lower back, bloated abdomen, painful with bowel movements, nausea and vomiting.
Another reason is STIs means sexually transmitted infections. Some of these infections include chlamydia (caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis) and gonorrhea (caused by bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae). In cases of STI, pain in the pelvis can be attended with other symptoms too like vaginal discharge that is usually foul-smelling, fever and burning with urination.
Another cause is scar tissue in some cases that may follow a cesarean section or appendix operation. It can lead to pain by restriction of ovaries and surrounding structures.
Infection of the fallopian tubes can be another cause for ovulation pain.
Ovulation pain may be caused by uterine fibroids. These are benign non-cancerous growths in the uterus that usually occur in child-bearing years. Its common symptoms are heavy bleeding during periods and prolonged periods and pelvic pain. Other accompanying symptoms are backache, leg pain, frequent urination, problem in emptying bladder and constipation.
Lastly, pain in one side of pelvis may be due to an ectopic pregnancy. In this condition, the embryo implantation occurs in the fallopian tubes or some location outside the uterus. It is a life-threatening condition needing immediate medical help.
What Are Its Signs And Symptoms?
The ovulation pain occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle. It is felt on one side of the pelvis depending on which side of the ovary has released an egg. Occuring suddenly, the pain can be dull or sharp or cramping in nature that varies from case to case. The duration of pain can be from a few minutes to around one or two days. The ovulation pain is usually not attended with any other signs and symptoms. However, if some accompanying symptoms occur, it may be due to some other underlying medical condition. The other symptoms include vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding, pain on both sides of the lower abdomen, bloating, swelling, nausea, vomiting, pain during urination and diarrhea.