Stomatitis refers to inflammation inside the mouth. The mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the mouth is affected. The inflammation can occur inside the cheeks, and on tongue, inner side of lips, gums or palate. In stomatitis sores, blisters, ulcers may also form inside the mouth.
Homeopathic medicines are very effective in treating cases of stomatitis. These are very safe and natural medicines that help to reduce the redness and inflammation in mouth and heal the sores, blisters, ulcers in mouth. These medicines help by aiming to treat the root cause behind it. These also effectively manage attending symptoms like pain, soreness, burning, stinging sensation inside the mouth. The most suitable homeopathic medicine for a given case is selected as per the signs and symptoms in every individual case.
Homeopathic Medicines For Stomatitis
1. Merc Sol – Top-Grade Medicine
It is a highly recommended medicine for managing cases of stomatitis. In cases needing it, there is redness inside the mouth. Along with this, blisters or ulcers are present. The ulcers can be present inside the cheeks, tongue, lips or the gums. The ulcers have a white or yellow base and red inflamed edges. Burning sensation is marked in the ulcers. Along with this, there is profuse flow of saliva. Offensive smell from mouth is present. It is well-indicated for managing fungal infection of the mouth (thrush). Besides, inflammation of the tongue and pricking type of pain is felt.
2. Borax – For Marked Redness In Mouth With Ulcers
It is another prominently indicated medicine for cases in which mouth is very red along with ulcers. It is attended with dryness and heat in the mouth. The ulcers are mostly present on the inner surface of the cheek and on the tongue. These have a tendency to bleed easily. In some cases, blisters appear on the tongue which are very painful. Every movement of the tongue causes pain. The taste of the mouth gets bitter. It is a very useful medicine for cases of oral thrush.
3. Natrum Mur – For Cold Sores
It is a leading medicine for managing cases of cold sores. In cases needing it, small blisters are present around the mouth. These occur usually on the lips attended with burning sensation. Afterwards these get covered with a scab. The scab falls off after some days and a red spot remains back for few days. Natrum Mur is also well indicated for cases when there is soreness in mouth which is highly sensitive even to liquids. Next indication for using it is blisters and ulcers in mouth, cheeks, gums, tongue. These have a smarting and burning pain when touched by food. Profuse saliva with constant spitting can attend it.
4. Petroleum – For Sore Mouth With Ulcers Inside Cheeks
This medicine is very effective for cases in which there is sore mouth along with ulcers inside the cheeks. It is accompanied with dry mouth. An offensive, fetid smell emanates from the mouth. The tongue is white in the centre with dark streaks along edges in addition to the above symptoms.
5. Nitric Acid – For Sore, Red Mouth With Burning, Stinging Pain
It is a well indicated medicine for cases having red, sore mouth with intense burning and stinging pain. The mouth is bright red in such cases. Next it is indicated for mouth ulcers attended with splinter like pain. In cases requiring it, the mucous membrane in the mouth is swollen and ulcerated. The ulcers are present inside cheeks, the edges of the tongue and also on lips. The gums may also be tender. This medicine is also indicated when the mucous membrane inside the cheeks comes between the teeth and gets easily bitten. In such cases, swelling and ulceration with pricking pain is there.
6. Kali Iodatum – For Swollen Mouth With Heat In Entire Mouth
This medicine is beneficial for cases presented with swelling inside the mouth attended with marked heat in it. Irregular superficial ulcers may be there on the mucous lining of the mouth. These look white as if coated with milk. There may be burning blisters in the mouth in some cases needing it. There is an increased salivation along with other symptoms.
7. Sulphuric Acid – For Painful Ulcers In Mouth
This medicine works well in persons having painful ulcers in the mouth. The ulcers may be white or yellow coloured. The entire inner surface of the may be affected. It is an important medicine for cases of oral thrush. Apart from these indications, Sulphuric Acid also offers help when there are blisters inside the cheeks.
8. Iris Versicolor – For Stomatitis With Burning Pain
It is a natural medicine prepared from plant commonly named as ‘Blue flag’. Use of this medicine is considered when there is marked burning pain in mouth in cases of stomatitis. The burning is very intense with profuse flow of saliva. Lastly, ulcers on the mucous lining of cheeks can be there.
9. Cantharis – For Redness And Blisters In Mouth
This medicine is indicated when there is redness and blisters in the mouth. The blisters may be small or large in size. Burning and dryness in mouth is felt with this.
What are its signs and symptoms?
The symptoms includes pain, irritation, soreness inside the mouth. Burning (oral dysaesthesia) or stinging sensation in the mouth may also be there. Red patches in the mouth can be seen. There may also occur sores, blisters or ulcers inside the mouth. The ulcers may be white or yellow in colour, and have a red base.
What are Different Types Of Stomatitis?
There are two main types of stomatitis. First is aphthous stomatitis / canker sore. Second is herpes stomatitis, also named as cold sore.
1. Apthous stomatitis/ canker sores
In this round or oval ulcers that can be white or yellow with red outer ring develop. These are non-contagious. The ulcer can be single or multiple in clusters. These can form inside cheeks, lips or tongue. These can be painful. The sores can be small or large in size varying from case to case. Smaller ones usually heal in 7 – 14 days with no scars left while large ones can take 6 weeks or sometimes more than that to heal. The large sores can leave scars. The canker sores can run in families.
2. Herpes stomatitis / cold sore.
These are caused by HSV (herpes simplex virus) and are very contagious. In this type, multiple blisters form usually around or on the lips mostly at the edge of mouth. Before formation of blisters, burning, tingling, sensation and tenderness may be felt. Fever may also be present few days before the appearance of blisters. The blisters that form are small and filled with fluid, and are attended with pain. Afterward, these dry up and crust forms on it. In some cases, blisters can burst and form ulcers. Infection may sometimes occur in these ulcers. This infection resolve within 7 – 10 days.
What Are Causes And Factors That Can Cause it?
It can arise from various causes and factors.
1. It firstly includes deficiency of nutrients including vitamin B-12, iron, folic acid or zinc and also a dry mouth.
2. Next is trauma from braces, ill-fitting dentures or from accidental biting inside cheeks. It may occur also occur from burns caused by eating hot food or drinking hot liquids. Irritation from strong chemicals, some allergic reactions, food sensitivities to some food items (eg, nuts, coffee, eggs, citrus fruits, coffee, chocolate) may also result in stomatitis. Smoking or tobacco chewing is yet another cause.
3. Another reason is infections that can be bacterial or viral infection like herpes and yeast infection like thrush.
4. Use of certain medications (eg, some antibiotics, sulfa drugs), radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment for cancer may also cause it.
5. Sores in the mouth can arise from some diseaseslike crohn’s disease, lupus, celiac disease and Behcet’s disease.
Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation in any part of digestive tract from mouth to anus.
Lupus / SLE systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease in which inflammation occur in different body systems. It can have various signs and symptoms among which some common ones are pain and swelling of joints, red rashes usually on face, mouth ulcers, hair loss, tiredness and swollen lymph nodes.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease in which eating gluten ( gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye) by a person leads to an immune reaction in his / her small intestine resulting in its damage.
Behcet’s disease is a rare disorder in which there is inflammation of blood vessels throughout the body. Among its various signs and symptoms, some of the common ones are painful mouth sores, skin rash, eye inflammation and genital sores.
6. Stomatitis may also occur in some sexually transmitted infections – STI’s (eg. HIV).
7. Lastly, these can occur from weakened immune system and stress.