Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) refers to the formation of a blood clot in the deep veins of the body, usually in the leg. It is a serious condition as the clot can break off (embolus) and get carried to the lungs through the bloodstream, and block blood supply (pulmonary embolism). Though in DVT, the clot is often formed in the veins of leg, it may also originate in the veins of arms or pelvis. When both DVT and pulmonary embolism are simultaneously present, it is known as venous thromboembolism.
Homeopathy can be considered as supportive help in DVT cases along with conventional treatment to manage its signs and symptoms. By working on the root cause of the problem, homeopathic medicines in DVT cases mainly focus on easing its signs and symptoms. The main advantage is that homeopathic medicines have zero side effects. Homeopathic medicines for managing DVT should be taken only after consulting a homeopathic expert. Do not self-medicate as DVT is a serious health problem. Homeopathic medicines are recommended only for DVT of veins of legs or arms when the symptoms are limited to these parts. However, in case of a clot that reaches the lungs, homeopathy is strictly not advisable, seek immediate help from conventional mode of treatment as it is a life-threatening condition.
Top Homeopathic Medicines For DVT
The top recommended medicines for managing DVT are Lachesis, Bothrops Lanceolatus, Vipera, Apis Mellifica, Carbo Veg and Arsenic Album.
Lachesis works exceptionally well on the venous system of the body where it effectively manages complaints like varicose veins (enlarged dilated, swollen, twisted veins), inflamed veins, venous leg ulcers that arise from problem of blood circulation in veins of legs and DVT. In case of DVT, Lachesis is indicated when there is swelling of the leg along with bluish red discoloration. On touch, the swollen area of the leg feels hard. In cases needing this medicine, inflammation of veins (medically known as phlebitis) can be present. Its use is also indicated when the veins of legs have been enlarged since pregnancy. The veins appear blue and knotty. Burning, stinging sensation accompanies swollen veins.
2. Bothrops Lanceolatus
This medicine has a marked action in managing cases in which blood clots form in different body parts including veins via blood stream via blood stream. It is well indicated when clots form in the veins of leg. This medicine is used in cases of swollen leg with marked heaviness. It is also given in cases of varicose veins and inflamed veins.
Vipera is another homeopathic medicine recommended for managing DVT cases. The key indicating feature to use this medicine is unbearable pain in the affected part with a feeling that the leg would burst if allowed to hang down. There is a need to keep the legs elevated because of this sensation. The veins are swollen and sensitive, intense cramping pain in legs may be present. There is bluish discoloration of legs. This medicine is also considered in case of swollen arm, especially right arm, along with pain which gets worse on letting the hand hang down.
4. Apis Mellifica
It is prominently indicated when there is intense swelling of legs, ankle or feet. The legs look pale, pain in the left leg is marked. There is burning or shooting type of pain and at times stitching type. The feet feel heavy and stiff in the morning.
5. Carbo Veg
This medicine is prominent for cases of thrombosis of leg veins and venous ulcers. Persons needing it have cramps in lower legs while walking. Uneasiness is felt in the legs towards the evening with a need to stretch legs frequently. The lower limbs also feel heavy. In case of venous ulcers, the legs appear purple and mottled. It is attended with burning sensation at night.
6. Arsenic Album
Arsenic Album is suggested when there is swelling of legs attended with burning pain, accompanied by cramps in legs. In some cases, drawing pain is felt in the legs while resting feet on the floor. It is also indicated for thrombosis of veins of groin area with violent pains.
Causes And Risk Factors
DVT occurs due to a blood clot which obstructs a vein and hinders with proper circulation of blood in body. Certain factors increase the risk of developing DVT which are enumerated here.
1. Damage to vein: This may happen from an injury, surgery, infection or inflammation.
2. Inactivity: Sitting position for extended periods of time causes pooling of blood in legs and predispose them to clot formation. Being bed–ridden due to a medical condition or post-surgery raise chances of clot formation.
3. Age: Being over 60 years of age increases risk of clot formation, however clot may form at any age.
4. Pregnancy, use of birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy
5. Being overweight
7. Having a family history of DVT or having a genetic condition called Factor V Leiden thrombophilia (persons having this disease have a tendency to develop abnormal blood clots)
8. Cancer, chemotherapy, IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), heart failure
What Are Its Signs And Symptoms?
In around 30 % of DVT cases, no symptoms arise. However, if they do arise, they may be as follows:
A). In case of DVT of lower limb, the following symptoms are noticed
1. Swelling of leg or foot on one side of the body
2. Cramping or throbbing pain in the leg mostly in area around calf muscles, usually felt while standing or walking
3. Tenderness in leg
4. Color changes in skin of the affected leg that can be pale, red, bluish or purple
5. Swollen, enlarged veins that are hard and sore
6. Affected skin area being warm to touch
B). In case of DVT of upper limb, the following symptoms are noticed:
1. Pain in neck or shoulder or upper arm extending to forearm
2. Swollen arm or hand
3. Bluish discoloration over affected area
4. Weakness of hands
C). In some cases, a person has no idea if he/she has DVT until clot moves from leg/arm to lungs. This condition is known as pulmonary embolism which is a serious condition needing emergency treatment. Its symptoms include pain in the chest which gets worse from deep breathing, shortness of breath, cough with blood expectoration, light-headedness or dizziness, rapid pulse and fainting.
1. Pulmonary embolism: It is a serious life threatening complication of DVT. It happens when blood clot from leg breaks and reaches lungs and blocks a blood vessel. Take help from conventional treatment right away in this case, as it is a serious life threatening condition.
2. Post-phlebitic or post-thrombotic syndrome: It occurs from damage to veins when blood clot hinders proper blood flow. When it occurs in legs symptoms include swelling in leg, heaviness in leg, pain in leg, red skin, fluid build – up in leg, and leg ulcers in severe cases.
Measures To Prevent DVT
1. Move legs or stretch feet and legs if sitting for long time or bed-ridden
2. After surgery, try to be mobile to reduce chance of blood clot
3. In case of recent surgery, take blood thinners as recommended by doctor
4. Avoid crossing legs while sitting
5. Quit smoking
6. If overweight, try reduce the weight
7. Keep a check on blood pressure